Hewes Crab blossom The Orchard at Sage Hen Farm: Cherries and Plums

Descriptions of varieties presently growing in our orchard in Lodi, NY.


Cherries | Plums

For descriptions of other fruit trees grown at Sage Hen Farm, go to our pages for apples, peaches, and pears

NOTE: Although we have tried to grow several apricot varieties, our only surviving apricot tree, an Adirondack Gold, described as self-fertile and filled with blossoms every early spriong, has never fruited. If we ever get fruit from it, we will add a description here.

 

Cherries
Tart: Balaton, English Morello, Evans, Garfield Plantation, Montmorency.
Sweet: Emperor Francis, Kristin
(listed below in order of harvest)
Variety
Origin
Date
Fruit Size & Flavor Skin Flesh

Bloom

Harvest

Merits & Faults
Montmorency
France, before 1600
introduced to North America before 1830
Montmorency cherry tree

Tart
medium
mildly tart
bright red firm, amber fruit, pinkish clear juice

first of May


early to mid July
Tree: medium-sized; self-fertile; heavy cropper; resistant to brown rot & other diseases; very hardy. Fruit: very juicy

Evans (Bali)
Alberta, rediscovered and introduced in 1976
Evans cherry tree

Evans cherries

Tart

large
sweet-tart
bright red semi-firm, translucent yellow flesh, pinkish clear juice

early May


early to mid July, later for sweeter cherries
Tree: naturally small, vigorous growth, self-fertile, heavy cropper, very hardy, susceptible to cherry leaf spot, frequent suckering. Fruit: thick skinned, not as juicy
Garfield Plantation
Maine, date
unknown, rediscovered and introduced by Fedco after 2000

Tart
medium
tart
orange red firm, red juice early May
mid-July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, heavy cropper, very hardy, frequent suckering. Fruit: juicy
Balaton
Hungary, tested in Michigan
introduced to US in 1984, commerically released in 2001

Tart
large
rich, sweet-tart
dark burgundy firm, red juice early May
mid-July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, hardy. Fruit: not as juicy

Emperor Francis 
Austria (?), before 1800, introduced to North America in the 19th Centur
y

Sweet

large
sweet, with some tart
marbled red on yellow firm, clear juice

early to mid May


mid July
Tree: naturally large; very productive, reliable cropper; quite resistant to cracking. Fruit: juicy

Kristin 
(Emperor Francis x Gil Peck)
NY, developed in 1938, tested in Norway
1969-1981, introduced 1982 

Sweet

medium large
sweet
very dark red or purplish black firm, red juice

early to mid May


mid July
Tree: very hardy; naturally large; very productive, reliable cropper; moderately resistant to cracking. Fruit: juicy, richly aromatic

English Morello
England, before 1600, introduced to North America before 1860

Tart

medium
sharply tart
dark red to black semi-firm, dark red juice

early to mid May


mid to late July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, heavy cropper, hardy. Fruit: very juicy

For cherries, large is 1" or more, medium around 3/4 inch. Most sweet cherries are not self-pollinating abd don't pollinate with several other varieties, so having a Montmorency around makes life easier.


Plums
Variety
Origin
Date
Type
Fruit
Size & Shape
Skin Flesh Bloom Harvest Merits & Faults
Castleton
NY
introduced 1994

E
uropean
medium
ovate
blue yellow-green late April
partially self fertile
late August
Heavy cropper; complex flavor, sweet with a bit of sharpness; drops fruit, especially first few years; colors early before full ripe; firm flesh; good keeper for a plum; freestone.
Green Gage
(Reine Claude)
France/England
1500s

European/Gage
small
roundish
green, often with russeting translucent yellow-green
late April
not self fertile
early September
Good cropper; poor disease resistance; flavor is both rich and extremely sweet; prone to splitting after rain; soft, juicy flesh; does not keep well; freestone.
Myrobalan
Western Asia
this century

Cherry Plum
small
roundish
yellow yellow late April
not self fertile
late Aug to early Sept

Hardy; heavy cropper; requires thinning; good disease resistance; rich, sweet flavor; juicy; freestone.
Lavina
Lithuania
this century

Asian
small
roundish
yellow yellow late April
not self fertile
late Aug to early Sept

Hardy; heavy cropper; requires thinning; good disease resistance; rich, sweet flavor; juicy; freestone.


 

This page written and maintained by John R. Henderson [jhenderson @ ithaca.edu].
Last modified: 1 October 2018

URL: http://www.sagehenfarmlodi.com/ourother.html