Hewes Crab blossom The Orchard at Sage Hen Farm:
Peaches, Plums, and Cherries

Descriptions of varieties presently growing in our orchard in Lodi, NY.


Peaches | Plums | Cherries

For descriptions of other fruit trees grown at Sage Hen Farm, go to our pages for apples and pears.

NOTE: We may not be in the right climate for peaches, plums, or apricots, and tart cherries have succeeded where sweet cherries have not. We have tried to grow several apricot varieties, but our last surviving one, an Adirondack Gold, although described as self-fertile, has never fruited. If we ever get fruit, I may add a description.


Peaches
Contender, Finger Lakes Super Hardy, Garnet Beauty, Glowing Star, Madison, Redhaven, Rochester, Saturn, Veteran
(listed below in order of harvest)
Variety
Origin
Date
Fruit
Size
Skin Flesh

Bloom

Harvest

Rootstock
&
Hardiness
Year 

Merits & Faults

Harrow Diamond
(Redskin x Harbinger)
Ontario, released in 1984
small to medium predominantly red over yellow red bleeding into deep yellow, firm, slow or non-browning; freestone

late April into May


2 weeks before Redhaven

to z4
Halford

2011

tree: medium vigor; light cropper; susceptible to peach leaf curl; somewhat disease resistant

fruit: less sweet, rather acidic for a peach

Garnet Beauty
(Redhaven bud mutant)
Ontario, discovered in 1951, released in 1958
large to very large predominantly red over yellow yellow, firm, non-browning, semi-freestone

late April into May


1-2 weeks before Redhaven

to z5
Halford

2009
first fruit 2013
tree: naturally large; somewhat less susceptible to peach leaf curl 

fruit: very similar to Red Haven

Redhaven
(Hale Haven x Kalhaven)
Michigan, developed 1940, introduced 1948

medium predominantly red over golden yellow yellow with red around pit, very firm, non-browning, semi-freestone

late April into May


usually around the third week of August

to z5
Halford

2005, 2007
, 2015

 

tree: naturally large, heavy cropper (needs thinning); somewhat less susceptible to peach leaf curl

fruit: became the standard for flavor and juiciness almost since it was introduced

Saturn
(Doughnut
)
(cold-hardy strain of Peento)
NJ, introduced 1990; first Peento was imported from China in 1869.
small, very oblate white, with red blush; little fuzz usually; skin peels easily white, soft, freestone

mid April into May


just after Radhaven

to z5
Halford 

2008

tree: very heavy cropper; fruit does not hang well; somewhat disease resistant

fruit: very sweet – some complain too sweet and not enough peach flavor, some describe a hint of almond

Rochester
(Early Crawford x open pollinated)
NY 1900

variable, medium to large red over yellow yellow, browns quickly, medium soft, freestone to semi-freestone

late April into May


2 weeks after Redhaven

to z4
standard

2008
first fruit 2013

tree: naturally large, upright spreading; susceptible to peach leaf curl

fruit: classic peach flavor

Special: more popular in England than in US; since Miller's merged with Stark Bros, I've been told Rochester is almost impossible to find any more in the US.

Finger Lakes Super Hardy
(developed by Miller Nurseries)
Canandaigua, NY
mid 20th century


Lodi apple

small to medium red-orange over yellow yellow, non-browning, freestone

late April into May


2-3 weeks after Redhaven

to z4
standard

2008
first fruit 2013

tree: naturally small; susceptible to peach leaf curl.

fruit: sweet and very juicy

Special: since Miller's merged with Stark Bros, I've been told the FLSH may be no longer available.

Contender
(Summercrest x Redhaven)

N.C. 1987

Lodi apple

med to large predominantly red over yellow yellow, firm, non-browning, freestone

early May


3 weeks after Redhaven

to z4
Halford 

2008

tree: naturally small, reliable, heavy cropper; somewhat less susceptible to peach leaf curl, somewhat disease resistant.

fruit: has been called the "most flavorful, fresh eating peach" 

Veteran
(Early Elberta x Vaughn)
Vineland, Ontario
1928
medium to large yellow to yellow-orange, with little red; heavy fuzz, skin peels easily yellow, browns quickly, soft, freestone to semi-freestone

late April into May


3 weeks after Redhaven

to z4
Halford

2007
first fruit 2013
tree: naturally large; dependable cropper; susceptible to peach leaf curl.

fruit: known as a canning peach, indicating lower rating for flavor as fresh eating, but right off the tree, it is quite rich and peachy.

 
Glowing Star
(from Stellar series)
Michigan, post-1990


Lodi apple
medium large predominantly bright red yellow, firm, non-browning, freestone

April 27 (est.)


3-4 weeks after Redhaven

to z5
Halford 

2009
first fruit 2013
tree: naturally large, fruit hangs well; susceptible to peach leaf curl.

fruit: good balance of sweet and acid; less juicy

Madison
(Redhaven open pollinated)
Virginia 1963

medium bright red, little fuzz orange yellow, browns quickly, very firm but tender, freestone

late April into May


3-4 weeks after Redhaven

to z4
Halford 

2007, 2015
tree: naturally large; hardy;  somewhat less susceptible to peach leaf curl; somewhat disease resistant.

fruit: rich flavor, less juicy

The only peach we grow that is described in U.P. Hedrick's The Peaches of New York, published in 1917, is the Rochester. I wonder why the interest in heirloom and heritage apples hasn't been extended to peaches. From descriptions I have read, I think Early Crawford, Late Crawford, Old Mixson Free, J.H. Hale, and Stump the World, among others, would all worthy be worthy of preserving, but I know of no nurseries that make them available.



Plums
Variety
Origin
Date
Type
Fruit
Size & Shape
Skin Flesh Bloom Harvest Merits & Faults
Green Gage
(Reine Claude)
France/England
1500s

European/Gage
small
roundish
green, often with russeting translucent yellow-green
late April
not self fertile
early September
Good cropper; poor disease resistance; flavor is both rich and extremely sweet; prone to splitting after rain; soft, juicy flesh; does not keep well; freestone.
Long John
NY
1993

European
large
long, somwhat flattened
blackish purple red late April
not self fertile
early September (for full flavor)
Vertical grower; late maturing; naturally thinning (drops many small fruits); flavor good to very good; firm flesh; good keeper for a plum; freestone.
Mount Royal
Quebec
discovered 1913

E
uropean
medium
roundish
bluish black orange-yellow late April
self fertile
late Aug to early Sept

Hardiest plum; naturally semi-dwarf; heavy cropper; requires thinning; good disease resistance; rich, sweet flavor; juicy; clingtone.
All of our plums are European. We have not tried to grow any Japanese plums.


Cherries
Variety
Origin
Date
Fruit Size & Flavor Skin Flesh

Bloom

Harvest

Merits & Faults
Montmorency
France, before 1600
introduced to North America before 1830
medium large
mildly tart
bright red firm, amber fruit, pinkish clear juice

beginning first of May


mid to late July
Tree: medium-sized; self-fertile; it is supposed to be a heavy cropper, but ours has not been very productive; resistant to brown rot & other diseases; very hardy. Fruit: very juicy
Evans (Bali)
Alberta, rediscovered and introduced in 1976
Evans cherry tree Evans cherries
large
sweet-tart
bright red semi-firm, translucent yellow flesh, pinkish clear juice

beginning early May


mid July or late July for sweeter cherries
Tree: naturally small, vigorous growth, self-fertile, heavy cropper, very hardy, susceptible to cherry leaf spot, frequent suckering. Fruit: thick skinned, not as juicy
Garfield Plantation
Maine, date
unknown, rediscovered and introduced by Fedco after 2000
medium
tart
orange red firm, red juice beginning early May
mid-July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, heavy cropper, very hardy, frequent suckering. Fruit: juicy
Balaton
Hungary, tested in Michigan
introduced to US in 1984, commerically released in 2001
large
rich, sweet-tart
dark burgundy firm, red juice beginning early May
mid-July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, hardy. Fruit: not as juicy
English Morello
England, before 1600, introduced to North America before 1860

medium
sharply tart
dark red to black semi-firm, dark red juice

beginning early to mid May


late July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, heavy cropper, hardy. Fruit: very juicy

For cherries, large is 1" or more, medium around 3/4 inch.

 

This page written and maintained by John R. Henderson [jrhenderson9 @ gmail.com].
Last modified: June 13, 2017
URL: http://www.sagehenfarmlodi.com/ourother.html