Hewes Crab blossom The Orchard at Sage Hen Farm: Cherries and Plums

Descriptions of varieties presently growing in our orchard in Lodi, NY.


Cherries | Plums

For descriptions of other fruit trees grown at Sage Hen Farm, go to our pages for apples, peaches, and pears

NOTE: Although we have tried to grow several apricot varieties, our only surviving apricot tree, an Adirondack Gold, described as self-fertile and filled with blossoms every early spriong, has never fruited. If we ever get fruit from it, we will add a description here.

 

Cherries
Tart: Balaton, English Morello, Evans, Garfield Plantation, Mesabi, Montmorency.
Sweet: Black Tartarian, Black York, Emperor Francis, Kristin.
(listed below in order of harvest)
Variety
Origin
Date
Fruit Size & Flavor Skin Flesh

Bloom

Harvest

Merits & Faults

Black Tartarian
(
Tartarian)
Russia, on the shores of the Black Sea. Introduced to England before 1800 and to North America before 1830

Sweet

medium to large
sweet and spritely
dark purple to black

quite resistant to cracking
soft, purplish red, dark colored juice (stains); very juicy

early May, so susceptible to frost


late June
Tree: large and upright; not self-fertile, but, interfruitful with all our other sweet cherries,
productive, reliable cropper.

Special:
By 1900, because of its flavor, it was second or third most popular sweet cherry in North America. Because of its soft flesh, which hinders shipping and storage, it is not grown commercially, and no longer widely grown anywhere.
Montmorency
France, before 1600
introduced to North America before 1830
Montmorency cherry tree

Tart
medium
mildly tart
bright red firm, amber fruit, pinkish clear juice;
very juicy

first of May, so susceptible to frost


early to mid July
Tree: medium-sized; self-fertile; heavy cropper; resistant to brown rot & other diseases; very hardy.

Evans (Bali)
Alberta, rediscovered and introduced in 1976
Evans cherry tree

Evans cherries

Tart

large
sweet-tart
bright red
semi-firm, translucent yellow flesh, pinkish clear juice;
not as juicy

early May, so susceptible to frost


early to mid July, later for sweeter cherries
Tree: naturally small, vigorous growth, self-fertile, heavy cropper, very hardy, susceptible to cherry leaf spot, frequent suckering.
Garfield Plantation
Maine, date
unknown, rediscovered and introduced by Fedco after 2000

Tart
medium
tart
orange red firm, red juice; juicy early May, so susceptible to frost
mid-July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, heavy cropper, very hardy, frequent suckering.

Balaton
Hungary, tested in Michigan
introduced to US in 1984, commerically released in 2001

Tart
large
rich, tart with more sweetness than most tart cherries
dark burgundy firm, red juice;
semi- juicy
early to mid May
mid-July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, hardy.

Emperor Francis 
Austria (?), before 1800, introduced to North America in the 19th Centur
y

Sweet

large
sweet, with some tang
marbled red on yellow

quite resistant to cracking.
firm, clear juice; juicy

early to mid May


mid July
Tree: naturally large; not self-fertile, but, interfruitful with our other sweet cherries except Kristin, very productive, reliable cropper.

Kristin 
(Emperor Francis x Gil Peck)
NY, developed in 1938, tested in Norway
1969-1981, introduced 1982 

Sweet

medium large
sweet
very dark red or purplish black

moderately resistant to cracking.
firm, red juice; juicy

early to mid May


mid July
Tree: very hardy; naturally large; not self-fertile, but, interfruitful with our other sweet cherries except Emperor Francis, very productive, reliable cropper.
Mesabi
Minnesota
(Bing x unknown tart cherry), introduced by Chris Knutson of Duluth in 1964

Sweet/Tart cross
large
sweet-tart
red firm, red juice; juicy early to mid May
mid to late July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, slow to mature, but then a heavy cropper, very hardy. .

English Morello
England, or possibly the Netherlands, before 1600, introduced to North America before 1860

Tart

medium
sharply tart
dark red to black semi-firm, dark red juice; very juicy

early to mid May


mid to late July
Tree: naturally small, self-fertile, heavy cropper, hardy.

Black York
(Eastern Bing, NY1725)

(
Giant x Emperor Francis)
Geneva, NY
selected 1951, introduced 2004

Sweet

large
sweet, similar to Bing in flavor
dark reddish purple

resists cracking,
firm, dark red juice; very juicy

early to mid May


mid to late July
Tree: very cold hardy, poor in wet soil, not self-fertile, but, interfruitful with all our other sweet cherries, heavy cropper, hardy.

For cherries, large is 1" or more, medium around 3/4 inch.


Plums
Variety
Origin
Date
Type
Fruit
Size & Shape
Skin Flesh Bloom Harvest Merits & Faults

EUROPEAN

Castleton
(Valor x Iroquois)
NY
introduced 1994
medium
ovate
purplish blue yellow-green

complex flavor, sweet with a bit of sharpness

freestone
late April

partially self fertile
late August
Heavy cropper; reportedly precocious; drops fruit, especially first few years; colors early before full ripe; firm flesh; good keeper for a plum.
Empress
(President x Emily)

introduced before 1998
very large elliptical
deep blue, waxy bloom
yellow

sweet; firm flesh

semi-freestone
late April into May
mid September
Heavy cropper; somewhat precocious; good keeper for a plum; vigorous tree
Green Gage
(Reine Claude)
France/England
1500s

small
roundish
green, often with russeting

prone to splitting after rain
translucent yellow-green

soft, juicy flesh; rich, extremely sweet

freestone
late April

not self fertile
early September
Naturally large tree; slow to mature, but then good cropper; poor disease resistance; does not keep well.
Variety
Origin
Date
Type
Fruit
Size & Shape
Skin Flesh Bloom Harvest Merits & Faults
ASIAN
Methley
Japan
introduced into Texas by way of South Africa in 1922
small
round
purplish red, with green shadow when picked
deep red

firm, juicy

mildly sweet


cling
late April

self fertile
mid to late July

Small tree, early maturing, annual, heavy cropper, very hardy
Satsuma
introduced from Japan by Luther Burbank in 1885
small to medium
round to slightly flattened
mottled maroon over green deep red

firm, juicy, rich, sweet

semi-cling
late April mid September
Small to medium tree, slow to mature, but then excellent cropper.
ASIAN/CHERRY PLUM HYBRID
Lavina
(Avalanche)

(P. cerasifera x P. salicina)
Lithuania
  20th century
small
roundish
yellow yellow

sweet flavor; juicy

freestone
late April
not self fertile
long harvest season, late Aug to early Sept

Hardy; vigorous; annual; heavy cropper, requires thinning; good disease resistance; pollinator for and pollinated by Asian plums.


 

This page written and maintained by John R. Henderson [jhenderson @ ithaca.edu].
Last modified: Earth Day, 2021

URL: http://www.sagehenfarmlodi.com/ourother.html