The Orchard at
Sage Hen Farm:
Pears

Hewes Crab blossom

At Sage Hen Farm in Lodi, NY, our orchard is mostly apple trees, but we have other fruit trees as well.
Pears
are on this page. Cherries have their own page. Together on one page are Peaches, Plums, and Apricots.

Pears
Variety
Origin
Date
Fruit
Size
Skin &
Flesh
Bloom &
Harvest
Use &
Year
Merits & Faults

Gifford
(Beurre Gifford
)
(chance seedling)
France
found 1825; introduced to North America by 1850.

GRIN

medium but variable in size
classic pear shape
yellow-green with red cheek
white with tinges of yellow, crisp, granular at center with grit cells present tender, very juicy
as early as May 3
mid to late August
dessert only
planted 2002
1st harvest 2011

Merits: hardy (to zone 4); one of the few pears that can be eaten almost immediately after it is picked; moderately resistant to fire blight.

Faults: tree slow to mature; fruit does not keeps long.

Bull1891: 6-7/**; Bull1909: vg; Downing: "an early Pear of value," vg; Elliot: v; Hedrick: "one of the mst refreshing summer fruties," vg.

Tyson
(thought to be Seckel open seedling)
Jenkintown, PA
before 1800
Tyson pears
GRIN

small to medium
classic pear shape, but irregular

deep yellow, with crimson cheek, slightly russeted


creamy yellow, fine-grained with few or no grit cells; very sugary, very juicy
as early as May 6
late August to early September
planted 2004
1st harvest 2013

Merits: hardy (to zone 4); very productive; fruit keeps well for earlier ripening variety; resistant to fire-blight.

Faults: slow to mature; tall, upright grower, so must be trained; fruits can be poorly colored.

Bull1891: 7-8/**; Bull1909: vg-b; Downing: vg-b; Elliott: best; Hedrick: "best pear of its season...were the fruits larger, would rival Bartlett for market," vg

Clapp's Favorite
(Clapp Favorite)

(chance seedling – Bartlett x Flemish Beauty?)
Dorchester, MA
before 1860

GRIN

large
somewhat more roundish than classic pear shape
yellow with a red cheek
white, fine-grained with some grit cells present, buttery, and juicy.

as early as May 3


late August

planted 2004
1st harvest 2011

Merits: hardy (to zone 4); tree grows well in heavy soils; tree is spreading and drooping, making picking easier and fruit more uniform in size; very productive.

Faults: fruit center softens soon after ripening; does not keeps long; very susceptible to fire blight.

Bull1891: 6-7/**; Bull1909: g; Downing: "extremely fine and valuable," vg; Elliott: vg; Hedrick: vg

Magness
(Seckel x Comice)
Maryland
released 1968

GRIN

medium greenish yellow with blushes of red
soft, fine-grained almost free of grit, rich, complex flavor, juicy
as early as May 6, but irregular
early Sept
planted 2009
not yet

Merits: tree spreading, very resistant to fire blight; excellent keeper

Faults: low yield, pollen sterile

Bosc
(Beurre Bosc)

Belgium
circa 1800; introduced to North America in 1832

GRIN

large
classic pear shape
dark yellow with streaks of russet
white, tender, very buttery, and juicy
as early as April 30
from late September to mid October
dessert, baking, canning
planted 2009
not yet

Merits: hardy (to zone 4); very productive; excellent keeper

Faults: susceptible to fire blight.

Bull1891: 10/**; Bull1909: vg-b; Downing: we give our unqualified praise, of the highest flavor; Elliott: best

Seckel
(Sugar Pear, Shakespear)

Philadelphia, PA
before 1760
on BET
Seckel pears
GRIN

small
roundish
brownish yellow-green overlaid with dull red and some russetting

creamy white, intensely sweet (honeyed), spicy
as early as May 6
from early September through October
dessert, pickling
planted 2004
1st harvest 2009

Merits: hardy (to zone 4); very productive, regular cropping; self fertile; moderately resistant to fire blight; intensely sweet & spicy;

Faults: thinning needed to help increase fruit size; fruit does not keep well.

Bull1891: 10/**; Bull1909: vg-b; Downing: "we to not hesitate to pronounce this American Pear the richest and most exquisitely flavored variety we know," Elliott: best

Vermont Beauty
(Forelle open seedling?)
Vt & NY
around 1880

GRIN

medium lemon yellow with a bright red
blush & pinkish-red dots

yellow-tinged, tender, melting, fine-grained with very few grit cells; juicy
as early as May 6
Sept or Oct
planted 2006
not yet

Merits: very hardy (to zone 3); naturally spreading tree

Faults: susceptible to scab and fireblight.

Bull1909: vg; Hedrick: "best for satisfying the eye for bright color," vg

Note: UP Hedrick, in Pears of New York, thought it not improbable that Vermont Beauty was identical to Forelle (Trout) pear, but it has since been determined that they are not the same.

Patten
(Orel 15 x Anjou)
Iowa
released 1922
on BET
Patten pear
GRIN
medium to large
classic pear shape
dark red
firm
as early as April 30
late September
planted 2005
1st harvest 2011

Merits: very hardy (to zone 3); moderately heavy cropper; good pollinator

Faults: slow to bear fruit; upright grower, so must be trained; must be picked early; highly susceptible to fireblight

Dana Hovey
(Dana's Hovey, Winter Seckel)

(Seckel open seedling)
Roxbury, MA
before 1855

GRIN

small

rounder than classic pear shape

golden-yellow, russeted
yellowish, rich, sugary, tender
as early as May 6
October
planted 2005
not yet

Merits: moderately heavy cropper; spreading tree; adapts to a variety of soils; scab and insect resistant; highly aromatic; fruit keeps well

Faults: slow to mature; susceptible to fire blight

Bull1891: 10/**; Bull09: vg-b; Downing: "one of the highest flavored Pears that we have known," best; Elliott: best

Bull1891 = "Catalog of Fruits Recommended for Cultivation; Division I: Fruits Mainly Adapted to Northern Localities; Section 1: Apples," U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division of Pomology. Bulletin, 1891 [Ratings are from 1 (very poor) to 10 (best); rating after / indicates notation for District No. 2 that includes New York's Finger Lakes (NR either not reported or not recommended; * known to succeed; ** highly successful; + promising]. Revisions were made in 1897 and 1899, but no changes were made in pear ratings. Bull1909 refers to the revision of 1909 when more traditional ratings replaced the numerical system: g=good, vg=very good, and vg-b=very good to best. Downing = Andrew Jackson Downing. The Fruits and Fruit-Trees of America, 1865; Elliott = Franklin Elliott. Handbook for Fruit Growers, 1876. From his list of the best pear varieties. Hedrick = U.P. Hedrick. The Pears of New York, 1921.

GRIN = detailed descriptions of pear varieties from the collection of the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. Pears are part of National Clonal Germplasm Repository in Corvallis, Oregon.

 

This page written and maintained by John R. Henderson [jrhenderson9 @ gmail.com].
Last modified: January 19, 2017
URL: http://www.sagehenfarmlodi.com/pear.html